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What did Arthur Lydiard Think about Running Shoes?

This is one of those pet peeves and annoyances. Arthur Lydiard was probably one of the greatest or most influential distance running coaches. I often see his name used in many ways and miss-quoted or have things credited to him that he did not say.

I knew Arthur Lydiard. I did some work with him. This means my ears pick up when people say what he might of thought of something related to running.

On running shoes I have seen him quoted as saying that minimalist running shoes are better. I seen it said that he would have supported barefoot running if he was around when that fad took hold. Wrong. He never said anything like that.

Here is what he wrote about running shoes:

In most of his books he advocated for the use of padding in running shoes to reduce impacts: “…check that they have good rubber soles that will protect you from the impact..” (pg 7; Run, the Lydiard Way; 1978) and “Well-rubbered shoes are essential to eliminate jarring effects” (pg 212; Run, the Lydiard Way; 1978). He also believed that forefoot strikers were “more susceptible to foot troubles” (pg 116; Run, the Lydiard Way; 1978) than those who flat-foot or heel strike. In an interview with the website RunWashington, he went on to say “We like flexible shoes, to let your foot function. Shoes that let your foot function like you’re barefoot – they’re the shoes for me, as long as they have some rubber underneath to alleviate the jarring.

http://irunningshoe.com/2021/03/18/what-did-arthur-lydiard-thing-about-running-shoes/

Arthur Lydiard also collaborated with Converse and EB Brutting to make well padded running shoes. He was not a minimalist – he wanted padding in running shoes. He thought forefoot striking was problematic.

#factcheck

Videos of Achilles tendon ruptures

It may be somewhat voyeuristic, but I periodically head over to YouTube to check out if there are any new videos of athletes getting an Achilles tendon rupture. They hurt you to watch them. Here are a few:

For more on the Kevin Durant rupture, see this write up. One thing I do find interesting about Achilles tendon ruptures is that if you follow the literature, the outcomes between surgical outcome versus conservative care outcomes are about the same; so how does clinician make a decision as to which is the best approach? There is this very log thread on Podiatry Arena with all that literature (you can sign up to watch that thread and get notified of new updates). Some research can be followed here.

The mechanism of action in all these videos is similar. There is a simultaneous extension of the knee and flexion of the ankle as they accelerate.

The Use of the Legend of Abebe Bikila

There is no doubt that Abebe Bikila is a legend. He was a late selection for the Ethiopian team for the marathon at the 1960 Rome Olympics. Because of his late inclusion the teams sponsor, Adidas did not have shoes in his size, so he decided to run barefoot. On September 10, 1960 he got the gold medal. It was no fluke as he then went on to win the 1964 Olympic marathon in Tokyo. He ran faster in this one wearing running shoes.

My interest in him is two-fold: Firstly, he really is a legend and his running achievements are legendary.

Secondly, it has been interesting to follow the use of that legendary status by the barefoot running community during the fad on barefoot running. He was held up as a hero of that community for his barefoot achievements. He was used to promote the benefits of barefoot running. That is fine and he is anecdotal evidence that a marathon can be run barefoot. What you never see mentioned in that barefoot community that he subsequently ran faster to win the Tokyo marathon wearing running shoes. I did point that out on a number of occasions and all I got in response was hate mail. What does that tell you?

Abductory twist or medial heel whip?

The abductory twist is an observation that is frequently made during a gait analysis. Just recently I have started to notice a common terminology issue and I am somewhat confused if they are the same thing or separate things. Most people seem to use the term ‘abductory twist‘ as the same thing as a ‘medial heel whip‘. I believe they are probably different things and they get confused as to what the entity actually is.

I consider an abductory twist to be that sudden medial or abductory movement of the heel just as the heel come off the ground. I wrote here about the possible reasons for this, one being an ‘overpronation’ and the other being a functional hallux limitus. I do not consider that this comes from a more proximal problem like others do. Some people also call this a medial heel whip. They only way to help this is to deal with the ‘overpronation’ or functional hallux limitus. Exercises can not help this.

However, when you listen to or read about what some people consider to be a medial heel whip they are talking about the heel being whipped medially, especially in runners, after the foot has come off the ground. That is something different to the abductory twist that has been previously described. I do consider that this medial heel whip could be due to a proximal problem around the hip and pelvis. The only way to deal with this is deal with the proximal causes and exercises may be very helpful.

If you hear or read someone talking about an abductory twist and/or medial heel whip try to ascertain which one of the two entities they are talking or writing about and just when in the gait cycle that they are observed.